Lab Work & Blood Panels

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Complete Blood Count (CBC)

WBC—White blood cells are the body’s primary defense against disease. White blood cells help fight infection.

RBC—Red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen and carbon dioxide to all cells. Iron deficiency will lower RBC.

Hemoglobin—A chemical compound inside red cells that transports oxygen through the blood stream to all cells of the body. Oxygen is needed for healthy organs. Hemoglobin gives the red color to blood.

Hematocrit—Hematocrit measures the amount of space red blood cells take up in the blood. It is reported as a percentage.

Lymphocytes—The results of this and basophils, eosinophils, monocytes and neutrophils deal with white blood cell function. Important to the body’s defense against infection. Also important in the assessment of nutritional status.

Monocytes—The results of this and basophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes, and neutrophils deal with white blood cell function. Important to the body’s defense against infection. Also important in the assessment of nutritional status.

MCH Mean—Corpuscular Hemoglobin is one way to measure the average hemoglobin concentration within red blood cells, which varies from normal with different diseases.

MCHC Mean—corpuscular hemoglobin concentration

MCV Mean—corpuscular volume measures red blood cell volume.

Neutrophils—The results of this and basophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes, and monocytes deal with white blood cell function. Important to the body’s defense against infection and also important in the assessment of nutritional status

Platelets—Blood cell particles involved with the forming of blood clots.

RDW—Red cell distribution width (RDW) is a calculation of the variation in the size of your RBC’s. In some anemias, such as pernicious anemia, the amount of variation (anisocytosis) in RBC size (along with variation in shape – poikilocytosis) causes an increase in the RDW.

Thyroid Panel

The thyroid gland synthesizes, stores, and releases hormones. The hormones secreted are iodine-containing amino acids, thyroxine (T4) and triiodo-thyronine (T3). The thyroid hormones influence a diversity of metabolic processes. These tests help to evaluate thyroid hormones that control the body’s metabolic rate.

Total T-4 (Thyroxine)

T-3 uptake

Free—Thyroxine Index (FTI) T-7

TSH

Lipid Profile

Cholesterol, Total—A sterol in the blood. Knowing your cholesterol may be as important as knowing your blood pressure. Elevated cholesterol is associated with an increasing risk of coronary heart disease.

HDL—Cholesterol High-density lipoproteins are believed to take cholesterol away from cells and transport it back to the liver for processing or removal. They have become known as the “good” cholesterol as persons with high levels of HDL may have less heart disease. Low HDL could be the result of smoking and lack of exercise.

LDL—Cholesterol Low-density lipoproteins contain the greatest percentage of cholesterol and may be responsible for depositing cholesterol on the artery walls. For that reason, they are known as the “bad” cholesterol.

Cholesterol/HDL Ratio—Calculated by dividing the total cholesterol by the HDL cholesterol. Ratio used by physicians in determining your relative risk for developing cardiovascular disease.

Triglycerides—Triglycerides are fat in the blood responsible for providing energy to the cells of the body. Triglycerides should be less than 400 mg/dl even in a non-fasting state.

VLDL—The total cholesterol measurement is a sum of High Density Lipoprotein (HDL), Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL), and Very Low Density Lipoprotein (VLDL). Triglycerides are the fats absorbed in the blood following a meal or made by the liver in response to diets rich in sugars, refined carbohydrates, or fats.

LDL/HDL Ratio—total cholesterol to HDL, and ratio of LDL to HDL. Cholesterol is required for the synthesis of steroid.

Liver Profile

Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT or SGPT)—an enzyme found primarily in the liver. Abnormalities may represent liver disease.

Albumin—Serum one of the major proteins in the blood and a reflection of the general state of nutrition

Albumin/Globulin Ratio—Calculated by dividing the albumin by the globulin

Alkaline Phosphatase—A body protein important in diagnosing proper bone and liver functions

Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST or SGOT)—an enzyme found in skeletal and heart muscle, liver and other organs. Abnormalities may represent liver disease.

Bilirubin, Total—A chemical involved with liver functions. High concentrations may result in jaundice.

Globulin, Total—A major group of proteins in the blood comprising the infection fighting antibodies

Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH)—An enzyme found mostly in the heart, muscles, liver, kidney, brain, and red blood cells. When an organ of the body is damaged, LDH is released in greater quantity into the blood stream.

Protein, Total—Together with albumin, it is a measure of the state of nutrition in the body.

GGT—Also known as Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase, GGTP Formal name: Gamma-glutamyl transferase helps to detect liver and bile duct injury. Some doctors use it in all people they suspect of having liver disease, others use it only to help explain the cause of other changes or if they suspect alcohol abuse.

Kidney Panel

Urea Nitrogen (BUN)—Another by-product of protein metabolism eliminated through the kidneys. BUN is an indicator of kidney function.

Creatinine, Serum—An indicator of kidney function

Uric Acid—Another by-product of protein metabolism eliminated through the kidneys. Uric acid is an indicator of kidney function.

BUN/Creatinine—Ratio calculated by dividing the BUN by the Creatinine

Minerals and Bone

Iron, Total—An abnormally low test result may indicate iron deficiency anemia.

Calcium—A mineral essential for development and maintenance of healthy bones and teeth. It is important also for the normal function of muscles, nerves and blood clotting.

Phosphorus—Together with calcium, it is essential for healthy development of bones and teeth. Associated with hormone imbalance, bone disease and kidney disease. It is found mainly in bones and teeth. NOTE: a temporary drop in phosphorus level can be seen after a meal.

Magnesium—Magnesium measurements are used in the diagnosis and treatment of hypomagnesemia (abnormally low plasma levels of magnesium) and hypermagnesemia (abnormally high plasma levels of magnesium). Magnesium is decreased in chronic nephritis, acute pancreatitis, and alcoholic cirrhosis. It is increased in acute or chronic renal failure and Addison’s Disease.

Total Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC)—Measures all of the proteins in the blood that are available to bind with iron, including transferrin. Since transferrin is the primary iron-binding protein, the TIBC test is a good indirect measurement of transferrin. The body produces transferrin in relationship to the need for iron. When iron stores are low, transferrin levels increase and vice versa. In healthy people, about one-third of the binding sites on transferrin are used to transport iron.

Ferritin—Composed of iron and protein, Ferritin is a storehouse for iron in the body. The ferritin test is ordered to assess a person’s iron stores in the body. The test is sometimes ordered along with an iron test and a TIBC to detect the presence and severity of iron deficiency or iron overload. In the early stages of anemia, the iron levels may be normal but the stored iron is being depleted and the ferritin level decreases. In iron overload, the ferritin level increases.

C-Reactive Protein (High Sensitivity)—hs is a critical component of the immune system and can be predictive of future risk of heart attack, stroke, sudden cardiac death, and the development of peripheral arterial disease. Individuals with elevated levels of CRP have a risk about 2 to 3 times higher than the risk of those with low levels.

Fluids and Electrolytes

Chloride, Serum—Similar to sodium, it helps to maintain the body’s electrolyte balance

Potassium—Helps to control the nerves and muscles

Sodium, Serum—One of the major salts in the body fluid, sodium is important in the body’s water balance and the electrical activity of nerves and muscles.

Carbon Dioxide—Ordered as part of an electrolyte panel. The electrolyte panel is used to detect, evaluate, and monitor electrolyte imbalances.

Diabetes

Glucose— Blood sugar level, the most direct single test to uncover diabetes, may be used not only to identify diabetes, but also to evaluate how one controls the disease.

HbA1c— The A1c test is frequently used to help newly diagnosed diabetics determine how elevated their uncontrolled blood glucose levels have been. It may be ordered several times while control is being achieved, and then several times a year to verify that good control is being maintained.

Thyroid Antibody Panel

Anti-Thyroglobulin-TAA — This test helps to detect possible thyroid problems. Thyroglobulin is a protein that is normally confined to the thyroid gland. It is the source of the thyroxine and triiodothyronine hormones in the body. The presence of autoantibodies to thyroglobulin can lead to the destruction of the thyroid gland. Such antibodies are more likely to appear after trauma to, or inflammation of, the thyroid gland.

Thyroid Peroxidase (TPO AB)– TPO — The TPO gene provides instructions for making an enzyme called thyroid peroxidase. This enzyme plays a central role in the function of the thyroid gland. Thyroid peroxidase assists the chemical reaction that adds iodine to a protein called thyroglobulin, a critical step in generating thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones play an important role in regulating growth, brain development, and the rate of chemical reactions in the body (metabolism).

Neurological Tests

  • Blood pressure
  • Tissue oxygen saturation
  • Heart rate and rhythm
  • Saliva pH
  • Reflexes
  • Eye test
  • Cranial nerve tests
  • Cerebellum tests

Metabolic Tests

  • Blood sugar levels
  • Adrenal function
  • Cortisol levels
  • Thyroid hormones
  • Cerebellar antibodies
  • Thyroid antibodies
  • Thyroid antibodies
  • Female hormone panel
  • GI permeability test
  • Food allergies

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Note: Not all of these blood tests will apply to you. That’s why it’s so important to partner with a healthcare provider that will help you on your quest to reclaim your Mojo! Feel free to contact my office (we offer remote consultations) or make an appointment with your local healthcare provider. It doesn’t matter where you go – as long as you take back control of your health!

www.Cyrex Labs.com

Tests include:

  • Gluten Panels (Array 3) – Tests Wheat/Gluten Proteome Reactivity & Autoimmunity
  • Cross Reaction Foods (Array 4)- Test which foods cross react with gluten or cause sensitivity
  • Multiple Tissue Antibodies (Array 5) – Reveal whether autoimmune reactions are causing your symptoms

www.Entero Lab.com

Unique screening test for gluten sensitivity, as well as for many other antigenic food sensitivities.

www.Genova/ Metametrix.com

Tests for biomarkers that help physicians diagnose, treat, or prevent chronic diseases

www.LabCorp.com

Full blood panel options. See below for blood panel information.

www.SingulexLab.com

Chronic inflammation of the blood vessels plays a major role in the initiation and progression of degenerative diseases such as cardiovas­cular disease, atherosclerosis, and autoimmune. I like to run multiple biomarkers for heart muscle (NT-proBNP and cTnl), along with inflam­matory biomarkers (IL-6,IL-17A, TNF-a,Lp-PLA2, and hs-CRP). These markers are known to become elevated in patients with various stages of degenerative. Cardiac Troponin l, Interleukin-6, Interleukin 17A, Tumor necrosis Factor alpha)

www.NeuroScience.com

Lab tests for nervous, endocrine, and immune health